The Types of Docks And The Best Ways to Spot Them

If you’re in freight shipping, you likely regularly work with businesses that have docks. That means that, in order to minimize the amount of potential issues during pickups or deliveries, you want to know all the ins and outs of their respective options. 

That is why we’ve prepared some information that we thought might help you keep unwanted issues to a minimum.

The types of loading docks

Loading docks are pretty standard. They are 48 inches tall (standard truck trailer level) and they always serve the purpose of making loading from a truck and unloading as easy as possible. 

With that said, there are a few different types of loading docks that differ in some key features. 

Flush (Standard) Loading Dock

Front view of big warehouse loading dock

Standard docks are simple openings in a wall at truck height. Most of the time they have cushioning at the truck entry points to avoid any potential damage to the trailer.

Needless to say that these are the most common types of docks for several reasons. Mainly, they save space as they don’t protrude from the building, nor do they provide any additional shelter for the trucks, such as a garage. Along with saving space, they still provide ample protection from the elements for the staff as everyone can be safely inside the building during loading and unloading.

Sawtooth Loading Dock

The warehouse complex for the storage of consumer goods

Sawtooth loading docks can be open or closed (more on that below). That means that this solution regards space management more so than protection from the elements. 

These types of loading docks are useful when you need to accommodate multiple trucks, but have limited space.

For this reason, docks are placed at an angle relative to the building so that more trucks could fit at one time. 

Considering that this solution is commonly used for saving space, you may want to check with your shipper/consignee if they require a straight truck before booking your shipment. 

Open Loading Dock

Example of an open loading dock

Open loading docks are just that, docks that protrude from the building and are in the open, exposed to the elements. Usually, although not always, open docks have roofing to prevent cargo from getting wet during rain. 

This type of dock is relatively unpopular, but it does have its advantages. For example, you don’t have to have your open dock protrude from the building. An open dock can be placed farther away from an office building if you’re looking to avoid clutter due to trucks coming and going. 

Closed Loading Dock

Example of a closed loading dock

Closed loading docks are the equivalent of buying a yacht of the shipping industry. They are also relatively rare as far as docks are concerned. 

Closed docks allow for an entire truck or trucks to park in a closed garage-like space. That means that they take up the most space possible, but provide the ultimate protection and comfort for all parties involved. 

How to spot a loading dock on Google Maps

If your shipper/consignee is not very responsive and you’re having trouble getting confirmation from them on whether they have the means to load/unload, it might be a good idea to check their location on Google Maps

From aerial view, you can usually see if a certain location has a dock. For anyone that isn’t as experienced in dock scouting, they may look a little bit like windows. 

That is why it’s best to check via street view as well and be 100% sure that what you’re seeing is actually a dock. 

Recap

Docks are docks, but not all of them are created equal. Different docks have different pros and cons. If your shipment is in any way sensitive, make sure that your business partner can accommodate your needs. 

You will also want to check Google Maps for your partners’ locations and be aware of what their possibilities are. If you are as prepared as possible, very little will be able to surprise you! 

And that is all you’d need to know about shipping docks. For more information, you may want to visit our LTL shipping page and get acquainted with anything else you might need.

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