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- 3PL (3rd Party Logistics) 3PL (3rd Party Logistics): 3PL aka 3rd Party Logistics is a third-party company providing outsourced logistics services, such as integrated operation, warehousing, and transportation which can be adjusted based on customers'(...)
- Terminal-to-Terminal Terminal-to-terminal: Terminal-to-terminal shipping, as opposed to door-to-door shipping, entails dropping off your cargo at a carrier’s terminal to be transported to the delivery terminal, where the consignee will pick up the(...)
- Accessorials Accessorials: Accessorials are extra shipping services performed by the carrier (for example, providing a jigger/pallet jack).
- AdjustmentsAdjustments: Adjustments are any inconsistencies between the actual shipment and what is stated on the BOL (Bill of Lading). They may result in additional charges for the shipper.
- AgentAgent: An agent does business on behalf of another entity (a person, or a company), with full or limited decision-making power. In freight shipping, an agent might perform freight quoting, or supervise different procedures, such as(...)
- AppointmentAppointment: A date and time for delivery of freight, as set between the consignee and the carrier. The carrier may call the consignee before the delivery, in addition to adhering to the exact date and time.
- Axle LoadAxle Load / Axial Weight: Axle load, or axial weight, is the weight limit allowed for each axle over the highways.
- Backhaul Backhaul: A carrier's return trip, where a freight company can offer customers a lower shipping rate, or backhaul rate, to fill the empty truck. About 80% of truck on the roads are returning empty.
- Bill of Lading (BOL or B/L) Bill of Lading (BOL or B/L): A Bill of Lading, also known at BOL or B/L, is a contractual document between carrier and shipper that includes details of shipment, and is often used as a receipt. It contains all of the basic(...)
- Blind Shipment Blind Shipment: Blind Shipment occurs when either the pick up or the delivery location (or both) are not aware of who the other party is - this information is intentionally ommitted from the Bill of Lading.
- Blocking and Bracing Blocking and Bracing: Blocking and bracing is a method of securing the shipment in place throughout the shipping process, using metal and wooden bars, so it wouldn't move in a shipping container.
- Bulk Freight Bulk Freight: Bulk freight is freight that is transported in large quantities, without being packaged. It refers to material in either liquid or granular, particulate form, as a mass of relatively small solids, such as(...)
- Call Before PickupCall Before Pickup: Call before pick up is a request for the carrier to call ahead of pick up. It's a special handling service.
- Cargo Insurance Cargo Insurance: Cargo insurance, or freight insurance, is full or partial coverage for freight that has been damaged or lost during shipping.
- CarrierCarrier A carrier is a person or a trucking company that transports goods using their own assets: trucks, trains, ships, or airplanes.
- ChassisChassis: A frame with wheels that's used to secure a container during shipping via rail.
- China Top China Top: A type of trailer with a solid roof and curtains on the side. It allows for cargo to be protected from the elements and to be loaded or unloaded from the sides of the trailer.
- ClassShipping Class: Each product is given a freight class ranging from 50-400 (determined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association) based on its density and its assumed risk/liability for hauling.
- Collect on Delivery/Cash on Delivery (COD) COD - Collect on Delivery / Cash on Delivery: A process where the carrier collects payment for the shipment from the consignee, before releasing the freight. An alternative to COD is pre-paid shipping, where the freight has(...)
- Commodity Commodity: Commodity is an item being shipped.
- ConsigneeConsignee: Consignee is an entity who is the buyer and generally the receiver of a freight shipment.
- ConsolidationConsolidation: Consolidating freight shipments means combining several shipments together in the same truck, to save on freight shipping costs.
- ContainerContainer: A container is a large metal box used for the transportation of freight by road, rail, sea, or air. The standard length are 20ft (6.06m) and 40ft (12.2m).
- Containerization Containerization: Containerization is the system of intermodal freight transportation using intermodal containers of standardized sizes. Containers removed the need for manual handling and warehousing at ports.
- Crane Loaded Crane Loaded: When cargo is crane loaded, it means it's loaded using a crane (for example, shipping containers, or any freight that is too big/heavy for a forklift).
- Crane ServicesCrane Services: Cranes are used for loading or unloading cargo that is too large or too heavy for forklifts.
- Crate Crate: A crate is a large container with four walls and a bottom, with or without a top, used for transporting and/or storing large, heavy or fragile items. For more information on the key differences between crates and(...)
- Cross-Docking Cross-docking: Cross-docking is a method of logistics where the freight is unloaded from inbound transportation and loaded onto outbound transportation, with little or no storage time in-between.
- Cubic CapacityCubic Capacity: Cubic capacity is the total volume inside a truck, train, or ship, measured in cubic feet.
- Curtain Top Curtain Top: A curtain top, curtain side (curtainside), China top or a Conestoga truck are all synonyms for a truck with a hard top with roll-up curtain sides. It's used for side loading cargo that needs to be protected from(...)
- Customs BrokerCustoms Broker: A customs broker is a licensed person or company responsible for clearing goods through customs on behalf of importers and exporters, usually businesses. Trucking companies work with customs brokers to clear freight(...)
- Customs Clearance Customs Clearance: Shipments transpored cross-border (by land, air, or sea) must pass customs clearance before they are allowed to enter or exit a country. This process is handled by a customs broker.
- Customs Invoice / Commercial Invoice Customs Invoice / Commercial Invoice: A customs invoice (USA) or a commercial invoice (Canada) is a document with a full description of the cargo, including the value and origin. This is a required document for most goods(...)
- Dead-HeadDead-Head: An empty freight truck: a driver is transporting a freight trailer with no cargo on it.
- DimensionsDimensions: Dimensions are freight shipment’s length, width and height. To get the correct dimensions, measure the largest dimension for every axis.
- Dock Dock: A platform, usually the height of 48'', used for loading and unloading freight trucks.
- Domestic FreightDomestic Freight: Domestic freight, as opposed to international, or cross-border freight shipping is shipping within one country without having to cross any borders. Domestic freight shipping is the simplest form of freight(...)
- Door-to-doorDoor-to-door: Shipping to and from customer-requested locations, as opposed to terminal-to-terminal shipping.
- Double DropDouble drop: A flatbed trailer with a dropped deck (below the top of tires) at the rear and at the front.
- Drop Deck FlatbedDrop Deck Flatbed: A drop deck flatbed is an open-ended semi-trailer platform with no roof, sides, or doors. It consists of two deck levels. The height of the trailer is that of a normal flatbed trailer near the tractor unit(...)
- Dry Cargo Dry Cargo: Dry cargo is freight that is shipped in a dry van (a regular truck that is not temperature-controlled).
- Dry Van Dry Van: Dry van is an enclosed trailer used for freight shipping of cargo that does not require temperature-control (dry cargo).
- Dunnage Dunnage: Disposable material used for packaging and securing cargo such as loose wood, matting, shrinkwrap, straps, cardboard, etc.
- Eco-Driver Training Eco-Driver Training: Eco-driver training has a purpose of driving more economically, reducing fuel consumption and cost. Includes better planning, smoother driving, using optimal revs, reducing air conditioning and(...)
- Embargo Embargo: A prohibition of trade with a certain area. In the freight industry it denotes an inability to deliver to an area for any reason(such as weather, congested highways,etc.)
- Expedited Freight Expedited Freight: Expedited freight refers to the transportation of goods that are time sensitive or perishable and need to be shipped immediately, such as frozen fish, fresh fruit or samples that need to be tested urgently.
- First & Last-Mile DeliveryFirst & last-mile delivery: The first and last steps of the shipping process. They involve getting the shipment from the shipper to the carrier and from the carrier's delivery terminal to the consignee, respectively.
- Flatbed TruckFlatbed Truck: A flatbed truck (or flatbed lorry in British English) is a type of truck which has an entirely flat, level "bed" body with no sides or roof. This allows for quick and easy loading of goods, to transport heavy loads(...)
- ForkliftForklift: A forklift is a powered truck used to lift and move goods short distances. Indispensable in manufacturing and warehousing. It's often used for freight loading and unloading. Also called a fork truck, a lift truck, or a(...)
- Freight Freight: 1. Goods transported by truck, rail, ship, or airplane. Synonyms: goods, cargo, load, merchandise "freight carried by rail". 2. The system by which goods are shipped "shipped by freight".
- Freight BrokerFreight Broker: A freight broker, or simply broker, is a person or company connecting businesses that ship goods (shippers) with transportation or trucking companies for a fee.
- Freight Class Freight Class or Freight Classification: Freight class or freight classification is a number assigned to less than truckload (LTL) shipments based on weight, size, density, handling, value, and liability. 18 freight classes(...)
- Freight ForwarderFreight Forwarder: A freight forwarder or forwarding agent, also known as a Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC), is a person or company that organizes shipments for individuals, organizations or businesses to get goods from(...)
- Freight Lanes Freight Lanes: Freight lanes or laes, carrier lanes or shipping lanes, are transportation routes across the country, continent or even across the world that a carrier services. For example, shipping from New York, NY to(...)
- Fuel Efficiency Fuel Efficiency: Fuel efficiency is energy efficiency of a vehicle, given as a ratio of distance traveled per unit of fuel consumed. It is dependent on engine efficiency, transmission, and tire design. Can also be stated as(...)
- Fuel SurchargeFuel Surcharge: A charge added to all freight shipments denoting the price of fuel for a shipment. Fuel surcharges are percentage-based and vary from carrier to carrier.
- Full Container Load or FCLFull Container Load or FCL: FCL is the transport of freight that fills up a full ocean shipping container to capacity (20ft or 40/45ft) or fills up most of the container at a better price than LCL.
- Full TruckLoad (FTL or TL) Shipping Full TruckLoad (FTL or TL) Shipping: FTL or Full TruckLoad is the transport of goods that fill up a full truck, or a partial load shipment occupying an entire truck. Bulk foods are typically shipped by FTL. FTL is contracted(...)
- Gross Vehicle Weight or GVWGross Vehicle Weight or GVW: Gross vehicle weight is the total weight of the vehicle, including its cargo.
- Hazmat / Hazardous Goods Hazmat / Hazardous Goods: Hazmat / Hazardous Goods are goods that require special handling and carrier expertise.
- Hotshot ShippingHotshot Shipping: Hotshot shipping is a premium, expedited freight service where a dedicated truck is dispatched to handle a particular shipment, to meet a specific deadline.
- Hourly Trucking Rate Hourly trucking rate: The rate at which you can rent a truck with or without a driver from a truck rental company.
- In-Bond In-Bond: Shipments that are entering into Canada, or the USA, but have not cleared customs at the border, and are therefore moving under a Customs (Treasury) bond.
- Inbound FreightInbound Freight: Cargo being shipped to a business (as opposed to Outbound Freight, which is cargo being shipped from a business).
- Inside Delivery/Pick Up Inside Delivery/Pick Up: Inside delivery and inside pick up is a special handling service where the carrier picks up or delivers the shipment beyond the curb (within the threshold of the door/garage). For a detailed list of(...)
- InterlineInterline: An agreement between multiple agents to handle cargo together that they would otherwise be unable to move on their own.
- Intermodal Transportation Intermodal Transportation: Intermodal transportation is the shipping of freight using more than one mode of transportation such as truck-rail shipments.
- Jigger/Pallet JackJigger/Pallet Jack: A jigger/pallet jack is tool used for lifting and moving pallets.
- Just in Time Delivery Just in Time Delivery: Just in time delivery is a delivery method where the carrier would bring materials to production, or goods to the customer, just in time for their use. More value is put on meeting the delivery schedules,(...)
- Landed costLanded cost: Landed cost refers to the final price of the shipment after the carrier delivers it. It includes any potential additional charges for services requested by the receiver after the shipment has already been booked.
- Less than Container Load or LCLLess than Container Load or LCL: LCL is a shipment that does not take up the entire available space of a 20ft. or 40/45 ft. ocean shipping container. LCL freight combines shipments from multiple shippers at a lower costs.
- Less Than Truckload (LTL) ShippingLess Than Truckload (LTL) Shipping: Less Than Truckload shipping aka LTL shipping is the transport of goods that do not take up the entire available space on the truck. LTL freight combines shipments from multiple customers.(...)
- Limited Access Location Limited Access Location: A limited access location is any area where pickup or delivery is restricted. This typically includes commercial or non-commercial sites that may have gates or security inspections, and don’t have(...)
- Logistics Company Logistics Company: Logistics companies offer services such as transportation, warehousing, and packaging, and they help organizations and businesses streamline supply chains by planning the movement and storage of products and(...)
- Long Haul Long Haul: Long haul is a long move of cargo, usually more than 1000 miles.
- Material Safety Data Sheet Material Safety Data Sheet: MSDS is a document that details the hazardous components of a product, its characteristics, effects on human health as well as its handling precautions.
- National Motor Freight Classification SystemNational Motor Freight Classification System: A classification system used within the USA for classifying freight into one of eighteen classes ranging from 50 to 500. Cargo is classified based on factors such as shipment density,(...)
- NestedNested: Nested are goods that are stacked inside each other to reduce space taken during shipping.
- NOINOI: No other information (NOI) is a term used for freight classification when your product description is incomplete.
- Open TopOpen Top: A freight container with no permanent ceiling or top.
- Outbound FreightOutbound Freight: Cargo being shipped from a business (as opposed to inbound Freight, which is cargo being shipped to a business).
- Oversize / Heavy Haul Load Oversize / Heavy Haul Load: Every state/province has regulations about the dimensions and the weight of loads that can be shipped on open deck trailers (flatbeds and stepdecks). If a shipment exceeds the legal height, width,(...)
- Packing ListPacking List: Is a document that details all of the relevant information about a shipment such as the dimensions, weight, packing type, volume per item shipped as well as any markings on the listed items.
- Pallet Pallet: A pallet (often interchangeably used with skid) is a wooden, plastic, or metal platform consisting of an upper and lower deck. Each deck is comprised of three or four stringers that connect several deck boards on which(...)
- Pallet Size Pallet Size: Pallet size includes the dimensions of the pallet (Length x Width x Height) measured in inches. The standard loaded pallet size is 48x40 inches. When measuring a pallet, it's important to always include the(...)
- Pallet vs Skid Pallet vs. Skid: The main difference between a pallet and a skid is that a pallet with both a top and a bottom deck, consisting of three or four stringers that connect several deck boards. This allows for better maneuverability(...)
- Parcel Shipment Parcel Shipment: A parcel shipment is a shipment of small packages/boxes, usually performed by a parcel courier. Learn the main differences between a parcel shipment, and a pallet (LTL, or Less-than-Truckload) shipment.
- Peddle Run Peddle run: A truck route where the driver has to stop often to perform deliveries.
- Physical Internet Physical Internet: Physical Internet is a new way of designing open and interconnected logistics leading to a more efficient and sustainable way of moving, storing and using physical goods. Similar to packets of information in(...)
- Pickup by Appointment Pickup by Appointment: A pickup by appointment request means specifying the time and date that you wish your shipment to be picked up to the carrier. These requests are common in FTL (full truckload) freight(...)
- Platooning Technology Platooning Technology: Platooning technology is a special technology that’s used for the management of synchronous movement of groups of automobiles or trucks (platoons). This includes following the lead vehicle, keeping the(...)
- Origin / Point of Origin Origin / Point of Origin: Point of origin is the location from where a shipment originated.
- Port of Entry Port of entry: The location where a carrier enters a country with cargo.
- Port of Exit Port of exit: The location where a carrier leaves a country with cargo.
- Power of Attorney (POA)Power of Attorney (POA): A document that allows a third party such as a freight forwarder or a customs broker to act on behalf of the shipper or consignee.
- ProcurementProcurement: Procurement is the process of acquiring goods, services or works from an external source, often via a tendering or bidding process.
- Proof of Delivery (POD)Proof of Delivery (POD): Proof of Delivery or POD is a document signed by the freight recipient (consignee), confirming the time, date & condition of delivery.
- RampsRamps: An inclined plane used to load and unload materials, serving the same purpose as a dock. In most cases ramps are mobile and can be moved when not in use.
- Reefer (refrigerated truck) Reefer: A refrigerated container, aka, a reefer is an intermodal container (shipping container) that can be moved across ground, air, or water to ship temperature-sensitive cargo (most commonly food, or less commonly plants,(...)
- Roll-Tite Roll-Tite: Roll-tite is a rolling tarp system for protecting open load cargo.
- Shipper Shipper or Consignor: A shipper or consignor is a person or company like a manufacturer, retailer or distributor that needs to ship goods. They are usually the supplier or owner of the goods. Shippers work with trucking(...)
- Shipping Label Shipping Label: A shipping label is a label affixed to the packaging. It includes the contents of the packaging, and the pick up/delivery locations. At Freightera, shipping labels are automatically generated by the system(...)
- Special HandlingSpecial Handling: Special handling, in freight shipping, are special services provided by the carrier beyond just picking up or delivering the freight. For example, call before delivery, tailgate/liftgate service, etc.
- Step DeckStep Deck: A type of trailer with a "step" which brings its body closer to the ground and allows it to carry taller cargo.
- Straight TruckStraight Truck: Straight truck is a truck that can fit into narrow streets, e.g. streets in residential areas.
- Supply ChainSupply Chain: A supply chain is a network of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in handling or distributing and moving a product or service from the supplier to the customer.
- Tailgate / Liftgate Tailgate/Liftgate: A tailgate/liftgate is a platform at the rear of the truck, used for loading and unloading heavy freight at locations without docks or forklifts.
- TankerTanker: A tanker is a vehicle or vessel carrying liquid or gas cargo in bulk like petroleum, milk or natural gas. It can be a truck, train, ship, or freight aircraft.
- Tarping (for Flatbed) Tarping (for Flatbed): Tarping is covering of the flatbed load to protect it from elements.
- The π-containers The π-containers: Containers in Physical Internet that are smart, eco-friendly and modular, ranging from the size of a small box to ocean container. π-containers are assigned a unique MAC address and digitally interconnected(...)
- Time-Critical Time-Critical: Any shipment that has to be delivered at or before a specific date is considered time-critical.
- Tracking Number Tracking Number: A tracking number is assigned to the shipment after it has been picked up, for the purpose of shipment tracking.
- Trade Show ShippingTrade Show Shipping: Shipping to or from a tradeshow. Trade show shipping falls under special services and usually requires and appointment as well as additional documentation.
- Transit TimeTransit Time: Transit time is the total time of transit from pick up to delivery of the cargo.
- Transportation Management System (TMS)Transportation Management System (TMS): Online platform, application or on-premises system that offers shipment booking and management, documentation, data storage and reporting as well as integration with carriers and other systems.
- UN Number UN Number: A UN number is a four-digit code used to identify hazardous materials (hazmat), for example: fireworks, chemicals, or fuel. The UN code has to be listed on the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) of the shipment.
- WarehousingWarehousing: Warehousing is the storage of goods and materials in a commercial building (warehouse) for a certain period of time. Warehouses are used by manufacturers, importers, exporters, wholesalers, transport companies,(...)
- Weight per ItemWeight per Item: Weight per item, in freight shipping, simply means weight per pallet, box, crate etc.
- Winch Truck Winch Truck: A specialized type of truck that contains a winch. A winch is a powered reel of cable that can be used to lift or pull heavy cargo.