Freight Glossary

Visual glossary of freight

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  • Backhaul: A carrier's return trip, where a freight company can offer customers a lower shipping rate, or backhaul rate, to fill the empty truck. About 80% of truck on the roads are returning empty.
  • Bill of Lading (BOL or B/L): A Bill of Lading, also known at BOL or B/L, is a contractual document between carrier and shipper that includes details of shipment, and is often used as a receipt. It contains all of the basic(...)
  • Blind Shipment: Blind Shipment occurs when either the pick up or the delivery location (or both) are not aware of who the other party is - this information is intentionally ommitted from the Bill of Lading.
  • Blocking and Bracing: Blocking and bracing is a method of securing the shipment in place throughout the shipping process, using metal and wooden bars, so it wouldn't move in a shipping container.
  • Bobtail: A bobtail is a tractor operating without a trailer. It may also refer to a straight truck.
  • Bulk Freight: Bulk freight is freight that is transported in large quantities, without being packaged. It refers to material in either liquid or granular, particulate form, as a mass of relatively small solids, such as(...)

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